Education & Early Childhood Education

This is a guide to library resources focusing on education and early childhood education in the CMCC Library

APA Citations

APA


See APA formatting rules for all other types of sources, and a sample APA paper from Research and Documentation Online Guide, by Diana Hacker

 

Basic format for a print book:



Basic format for an article from an online database:

more . . .

In-Text Citations

These examples show differences to the in-text citation when the author's name is used to introduce the quote or paraphrase and when it is not:

If there is one author:

  • FitzGerald (1984) writes that Sheck took place in Baileyville, Maine, “a town of twenty-one hundred and eighty-five people …” (pp. 47-48). ~the date is the date of publication~ 

  • Sheck took place in Baileyville, Maine, “a town of twenty-one hundred and eighty-five people …” (FitzGerald, 1984, pp. 47-48). ~use .pp for more than one page~

If there are two authors:

  • Ludwig and Starr (2005) have chosen to use a delphi study, which they admit is “…not a statistically rigorous methodology for predicting the future"  (p. 316).

  • They have chosen to use a delphi study, which they admit is “…not a statistically rigorous methodology for predicting the future" (Ludwig & Starr, 2005, p. 316). ~In the parentheses, use & between two authors~

If there are no page numbers:

  • Derschowitz (2011) reports that Prince William and Kate Middleton announced their wedding date to their guests via a save the date fax.

  • Prince William and Kate Middleton announced their wedding date to their guests via a save the date fax (Derschowitz, 2011).

If the author is unknown:

Either include the title of your reference within the sentence or use the first word or two of the references title at the end of the quote or paraphrase. Use quotation marks for titles of an article, a chapter, or a web page. Use italics for titles of a periodical, a book, a brochure, or a report.

  • In the article "Children Love Playing Hopscotch" (2006) we learn that the best place to play hopscotch is on the playground.

  • The best place to play hopscotch is on a playground ("Children," 2006). 

 

See APA in-text citations from Research and Documentation Online Guide, by Diana Hacker for more examples.

APA Publication Manual

More Help with APA