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Citing Sources

Citing Sources...

  • Prevents Plagiarism. When you cite the work of others, you inform the reader that the words, ideas, or research are borrowed.
  • Helps readers trace your research steps and access the resources you cite.
  • Shows that you are capable of conducting research and evaluating the research of others.

Crediting Sources
APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, pp.169-174)

Citation Basics:

  • Cite the work of those individuals who ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work.
  • Provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge. 
  • The number of sources you cite in your work will vary by the intent of your writing.
  • When using a direct quote, be sure to provide the author, year, and specific page numbers in the in-text citation.
  • In general, a reference on the Reference List should contain the author name, date of publication, title of the work, and publication data.
APA Publication Manual


A print copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is available for use in the Learning Commons. Ask for it at the front desk.

The Core Elements (MLA Handbook, p. 20)

The MLA Handbook uses core elements as a guide for creating a citation. When you create your citation you should follow the order of the elements seen here. The punctuation you should use is also included. It is fine to skip an element if it is asking for information not relevant to your source.  

For more instructions on citing print and electronic sources, visit the MLA Works Cited library guide:


A print copy of the MLA Handbook: 8th Edition is available for use in the Learning Commons. Ask for it at the front desk.

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